A FAKE YAOZHOU BOWL WITH MOULDED DESIGN
Yaozhou kilns originated during the Tang dynasty in Huangbao town, Tonguan prefecture, Shanxi Province. Yaozhou wares had many varieties--white, green, black and splash glaze porcelains. During the Five Dynasties and Song, Yaozhou kilns specialised in greenwares (celadon) and became an important producer in the north. Yaozhou wares showed great varieties, including bowls, dishes, plates, cups, boxes, pillows, vases, ewers, lamps, burners, inkstone, water droppers, Chinese chess pieces (Weiqi) etc. as well as large quantities of porcelain sculptures of sheep, dogs, horses, lions, dwarfs, Buddhist deities, etc.
Yaozhou wares were famous for the carved, incised and molded motifs. The lines were strong, deeply cut, firm and beveled along the outline of the motifs. Under the green glaze, the motifs can be seen clearly. The dark outline where the glaze gathered contrasts well with the lightly glazed surface of the motifs. The body is fine grained and grayish white, contracting tightly in firing. The footring, where the exposed clay is often a scorched red color. The glaze color is an olive green ranging in tone from dark to light, but without any bluish tinge. The glaze has a high transparency, glossy and thin.
Due to its fame and high
commercial value, in recent years many Yaozhou fakes have appeared in the
market. In fact, the fakes are getting better and look convincingly
like the genuine stuff. Below is an imitation Yaozhou bowl with molded
design of two cranes surrounded by clouds. In many aspects it is
very close to the genuine one. On the surface, the olive green glaze
looks correct, the scorched red marks are present on the base and the motif
is well-molded and clear.
However, if we compare it
with the shards of genuine Yaozhou wares below, several discrepancies could