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Overglaze Polychrome painted wares

During the Jin period, wares decorated with overglazed green, yellow and red were introduced.  The more notable kilns producing such wares are Xiuwu Dangyangyu (修武当阳峪) and Yuzhou Pacun (禹州扒村).  However, kilns Hebei Cizhou and Shanxi also produced them.  Some fine quality polychrome statues were found in the Linshui area. There are also those, especially statues  which used black enamel.   Firstly, the black enamel is applied to the required area, followed by glazing and firing at a high temperature.  The other overglaze enamels are then applied and fixed by a second firing at a lower temperature.    Jin overglaze polychrome wares was an innovation and laid the foundation for subsequent Ming Wucai wares.  

 

 

 

Cizhou Sancai wares

Kilns in Hebei and Henan also produced low-fired lead-glazed sancai wares.  The popular method involved incised motif which is then  coloured with yellow, green or brown lead glaze.  A category of such items  such as pillows,  animals and human figures utilised the molded techniques.  Some of them were fixtures for the roof.

 

 

.Song Sancai lead glazed pillow

 

Other Song/Yuan wares produced in Hebei Cizhou kilns

There were other types of  wares produced in Hebei Cizhou kilns which cannot be classified as the typical Cizhou type wares.  In actual fact, they were generic products of many kilns in Northern China.

Like other kilns in Henan, Yaozhou and Shanxi, Hebei cizhou kilns also produced white wares with brown dots formed stylised floral decoration and those with green splashes.  Those with brown dots stylised floral motif appeared to be produced even as late as the Ming period.

 

Like many other kilns in Northern China, the Hebei Cizhou  region also produced large number of  black glaze wares.  During the Yuan period, black glaze wares with iron brown splashes were popular and produced in large quantity.  

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Lastly, Hebei Cizhou kilns also produced Ding type white wares.   Those Ding type wares started to appear in Guantai kilns during the Mid Northern Song period.  The quantiy recovered was substantial.  There were more thinly potted and no slip was applied.  Majority were those plain vessels without impressed decoration.    There were some Chinese experts who argued that those fine Ding wares with impressed motifs attributed to Cizhou kilns  were actual Ding wares used by the Cizhou potters.  However, the number recovered near kilns sites such as those in Linshui, is too large to justify the argument.  Furthermore, it is hard to explain how the potters could afford such fine ceramics which were definitely expensive as compared with other folk kiln wares.  In fact, the Henan Hebi ji kilns also produced such Ding type wares with impressed motif.   

Jin White glaze ware with Ding inspired impressed motif from Shanxi Jiexiu kiln

 

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